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ORAL Polio Vaccination in Uganda

 (OPV) ORAL Polio Vaccination in Uganda:

Experimenting In Africa With Polio Vaccines Has Led To Vaccine-Induced Polio

It was only in 2002 that the penny dropped, when Nkuba made the connection between the discontinuation of the OPV in the US and its introduction in Uganda. The OPV, developed by Dr Albert Sabin in the 1950s and which used the live polio virus, had been banned from use in America because it had been observed to accidentally cause the disease in recipients of the vaccine. The US then reverted to using the Inactivated Polio Virus or IPV.

Instead of discarding vaccines worth millions of dollars, these suddenly useless but dangerous doses of the OPV were being force-fed to children in Uganda! (Excerpts from article by Andreas Moritz)

Vaccine viruses may spread from recipient to contacts

Vaccine viruses are excreted in the stool of the vaccinated person for up to 6 weeks after a dose. Maximum viral shedding occurs in the first 1–2 weeks after vaccination, particularly after the first dose.

Vaccine viruses may spread from the recipient to contacts. Persons coming in contact with fecal material of a vaccinated person may be exposed and infected with vaccine virus. (The Pink Book: Course Textbook)

discontinuedCDC Vaccine Information:

To eliminate the risk of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), as of January 1, 2000, Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) was no longer recommended for routine immunization in the United States.

Letter from Kihura Nkuba,

It was to be vaccination at gunpoint

Government to arrest parents who resist ORAL Polio immunisation (Jan. 16, 2015)

child-oralpolioKampala- The Ministry of health together with the World Health Organisation (WHO) yesterday launched a countrywide house-to-house polio immunisation campaign of children below five years of age with a promise to arrest whoever tries to sabottage.

“During the exercise, all children under five years of age whether previously immunised or not, will be given Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) drops in the mouth,” said Ms Opendi.
“Parents and religious groups who have been campaigning against
 government programmes including immunisation will be arrested,” 
said Dr Aceng, adding that a lot of advocacy and communication 
messages on the campaign have been made over the various channels 
of communication.- by assenkabirwa@ug.nationmedia.com
The more people chant about their freedom and how free they are, the more loudly I hear their chains rattling.” ~English novelist George Orwell

Uganda Government Lied: “Govt changes polio vaccine

Posted  Monday, April 21  2014 at  20:47 By AGATHA AYEBAZIBWE

KAMPALA.
The government will next year introduce injectable polio vaccine for children to substitute orally-administered ones, a senior Health ministry official said yesterday.

Ministry of Health permanent secretary Asuman Lukwago said the 
reversion follows findings that because the oral vaccine has 
live polio virus, people with weak immunities instead got exposed
to polio rather than protected --- what health workers call 
vaccine-derived polio.

The new injectable vaccine called Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), consists of inactivated or killed poliovirus strains, according to Dr Mayanja.

discontinuedPoliovirus Vaccine, Live, Oral, Trivalent

Trade Names: Orimune

– Suspension, oral Mixture of 3 viruses (Types 1, 2, and 3) propagated in monkey kidney tissue culture

Contraindications

discontinuedDo not administer OPV to any person with immunosuppression or to any household member of immunodeficient person. This includes combined immunodeficiency, hypogammaglobulinemia, agammaglobulinemia, thymic abnormalities, leukemia, lymphoma, generalized malignancy, and lowered resistance to infection from therapy with corticosteroids, alkylating drugs, antimetabolites, or radiation. Advise vaccine recipients to avoid contact with such persons for at least 6 to 8 wk.

Do not give OPV to member of household in which there is family
history of immunodeficiency until immune status of intended 
recipient and other children in family is determined to be normal.
IPV is preferred for immunizing all persons in these circumstances.

Uganda carries out door-to-door ORAL polio vaccination


Polio surge in Nigeria after vaccine mutates

Nigeria and most other poor nations use an oral polio vaccine because it’s cheaper, easier, and protects entire communities. But it’s made from a live polio virus which carries a small risk of causing polio. In even rarer instances, the virus in the vaccine can mutate into a deadlier version that ignites new outbreaks.

The vaccine used in the United States and other Western nations is given in shots, which use a killed virus that cannot cause polio.

Paralytic poliomyelitis associated with live oral poliomyelitis vaccine in child with HIV infection in Zimbabwe: case report:

Abstract

Objective

To describe a complication of oral vaccination with live, attenuated poliomyelitis virus in a child infected with HIV.

Results

Two weeks after receiving the second dose of oral poliomyelitis vaccine during national immunisation days the child developed paralysis of the right leg. He had a high titre of antibodies against poliovirus type 2, as well as antibodies against HIV-1, a low CD4 count, a ratio of CD4 to CD8 count of 0.47, and hypergammaglobulinaemia. He did not have any antibodies against diphtheria, tetanus, or poliovirus types 1 and 3, although he had been given diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis and oral polio vaccines during his first year and a booster of the diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine at 24 months. He had no clinical symptoms of AIDS, but his mother had AIDS and tuberculosis.

Conclusion

Paralytic poliomyelitis in this child with HIV infection
was caused by poliovirus type 2 after oral poliomyelitis vaccine.

-Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Vaccine Empire on Trial in India

-The Oral Polio Vaccines were given to Indian children.

-Polio Vaccine Blamed for Outbreaks in Nigeria

-The Moral Right to Conscientious, Philosophical and Personal Belief Exemption to Vaccination

Studies Show that Vaccinated Individuals Spread Disease

Washington, D.C., Feb. 2, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Health officials are blaming unvaccinated children for the recent measles outbreak that started at Disneyland. However, with no blood tests proving the outbreak is from wild measles, the most MMRlikely source of the outbreak is a recently vaccinated individual,according to published science.

Scientific evidence demonstrates that individuals vaccinated with live virus vaccines such as MMR (measles, mumps and rubella),rotavirus, chicken pox, shingles and influenza can shed the virus for many weeks or months afterwards and infect the vaccinated and un vaccinated alike.1,2 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10

"Vaccine failure and failure to acknowledge that live virus 
vaccines can spread disease have resulted in an increase in 
outbreaks of infectious disease in both vaccinated and unvaccinated 
individuals," says Manookian

Polio eradication: experts have misled us

(8). Reasons for not making IPV available:

PoliovirusAlthough risk of VAPP is low in immunocompetent individuals, this risk is extremely high in immunocompromised recipients or immunocompromised close contacts. A safe vaccine (IPV) exists for such individuals, but active intervention to make it unavailable to these should be construed as a deliberate action to put a section of the society to a known and avoidable risk by compelling them to take OPV. It would be difficult to find a similar example in medical history.- By Y. Paul/Medical Veritas 3 (2006)

 .

Immunization Dialogue:

Immunosuppression due to disease or drugs is an important issue with regard to the question of
 OPV versus IPV.

On the other hand I do believe that it is unethical on the part of the government not to compensate children and their families when a child develops this adverse reaction. With improved surveillance of all cases of acute flaccid paralysis, I am sure the government is aware of cases of vaccine associated polio cases.

T. Jacob John Chairman, Committee on Immunization and President, Indian Academy of Pediatrics Thekkekara,

 

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