It will be interesting to see if insects become addicted to neonicotinoids over time as humans become addicted to nicotine – Dr Christopher Connolly , University of Dundee.
The research, published in the leading international peer-reviewed journal Nature, discovered that buff-tailed bumblebees and honeybees could not taste the three most commonly used ‘neonicotinoid’ pesticides and so did not avoid them. In fact, the bees showed a preference for food which contained pesticides: when the bees were given a choice between sugar solution, and sugar solution containing neonicotinoids, they chose the neonicotinoid-laced food.
Bees and other pollinating insects are important for increasing crop yields – their value has been estimated to be worth at least €153billion per year globally. When pollinating crops, they can be exposed to pesticides in floral nectar and pollen. Several controversial studies have shown that neonicotinoids have negative effects on bee foraging and colony fitness. –Excerpts from Article by Thomas Deane
On 8 April, EASAC published its latest study on neonicotinoids and their effects on ecosystem services. Here are some of the Twitter responses and news stories relating to the study.
Dr. May R. Berenbaum, Professor and Head of Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (webpage):
Expertise: Elucidating chemical mechanisms underlying interactions between insects and their hostplants, including detoxification of natural and synthetic chemicals, and applying ecological principles in developing sustainable management practices for natural and agricultural communities. – Excerpts from genetic experts.
Final results of a study show that the world’s leading malaria vaccine candidate appears to be a disappointment. The study showed that it doesn’t work very well and that initial protection fades over time.
Despite the poor results – it protects about one-third of children vaccinated – developers are moving ahead to get it approved because it could still help protect some children from getting the mosquito-spread disease.- Excerpts from av/bk (AP, Reuters)
A new way of creating genetically modified insects could wipe out many mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria within a few years but it could also unleash potentially devastating unintended consequences, scientists have warned.
Researchers have devised a method of bypassing a fundamental barrier to the rapid spread of genes within a population. They believe that it could be used to spread malaria-resistant genes in mosquitoes to prevent transmission of disease to people.
However, it could also be used to spread harmful genes rapidly in the wild, which has led other researchers to call for the imposition of strict safety controls over such research in case of an accidental escape from a laboratory. (Excepts from Article by STEVE CONNOR )
A Texas cop threw a drunken woman to the ground, knocking her unconscious when her head hit the pavement, as the DWI suspect’s daughter screamed “mommy, mommy!” and ran over to help, according to witnesses and cell phone video.
WASHINGTON — After one of the nation’s most protracted cabinet-level confirmation delays, the Senate Thursday approved
Loretta E. Lynch to be attorney general. She is the first African-American woman to hold the position.
Ms. Lynch, the United States attorney for the Eastern District of New York, was confirmed 56 to 43, with 10 Republicans voting for her.
Her confirmation took longer than that for all but two other nominees for the office: Edwin Meese III, who was nominated by President Ronald Reagan, and A. Mitchell Palmer, who was picked by President Woodrow Wilson, according to the Congressional Research Service.
“This should be a happy day for America,” said Senator Claire McCaskill, Democrat Missouri. She said Republicans opposed Ms. Lynch merely because “she agrees with the man who selected her,” a posture Ms. McCaskill called “beyond depressing — it’s disgusting.” -Excerpts from The New York Times
Diabetes, obesity and heart disease rates are soaring in developing countries, as multinationals find new ways of selling processed food to the poor
As affluent western markets reach saturation point, global food and drink firms have been opening up new frontiers among people living on $2 a day in low- and middle-income countries. The world’s poor have become their vehicle for growth.
The South African minister of health, Aaron Motsoaledi, gives a grim interpretation of what that means for his country when he spoke to the Guardian earlier this month: “Health budgets will break because of the cost of amputations, artificial limbs, wheelchairs and cardiac surgery.”
A UN summit in New York in September confirmed the scale of the health crisis. Nearly two-thirds of all deaths worldwide in 2008 were attributable to lifestyle diseases. By 2030 these non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are expected to be the cause of nearly five times as many deaths as the traditional, infectious scourges of poor nations such as TB, malaria and Aids.
Last year 39% of acquisition deals by consumer goods companies were in emerging markets, compared with just 1% in 2008, according to the Grocer’s OC&C Global 50 league table. – Excerpts from theguardian.com/global-development
There’s also a recent government initiative aimed at doubling the amount of land devoted to organic production by 2020, largely by encouraging public institutions to serve organic food. All developments that have created a very different set of challenges from Helms’ early days as an organics pioneer.
“The focus right now is to get production up,” he says. “Now the market is growing faster than the production. So we have a challenge to get new farmers.” And more cows to join the party. –by NPR.org
We’ll take up the gyrocopter pilot’s complaint. Big money politics in America, on the road to 2016. And what to do about it.
Mailman Doug Hughes of Ruskin, Florida, in court today to get his ankle bracelet. The 61-year-old is in trouble after landing his gyrocopter on the Capitol lawn in Washington to try to get a message to Congress. Big money in American politics is now threatening American democracy, says the mailman with what he calls a “flying bicycle.” We don’t have to accept, he says, “a corrupt government that sells out to the highest bidder.” It’s a big issue already in the 2016 campaign.
This hour On Point: the mailman’s complaint. Big money, dark money, in American politics – and where it’s flowing.
– Tom Ashbrook
Dan Price, C.E.O. of Gravity Payments, surprised his 120-person staff by announcing that he planned over the next three years to raise the salary of every employee to $70,000 a year.
Dan Price has slashed his own salary by $930,000 from $1 million to $70K, the new minimum wage at his company.
Diplomats are exempt from paying duties and taxes on cars, food and electrical appliances that they bring into the country, but they are not allowed to abuse the privilege.
According to the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Okello Oryem, the Government received a guilty verdict for the two unnamed diplomats whose conduct has caused embarrassment.
“The trial of the two has been concluded and they will soon be sentenced. I have been informed that crimes of that nature carry a jail term ranging from seven to 14 years,” Oryem told lawmakers on the foreign affairs committee on Wednesday.- excerpts from new vision.co.ug
An audit report on the Embassy’s finances also implicates Ms Rwabyomere of not accounting for 2,500 pounds [about Shs9 million] allegedly as expenses to travel to New York to attend Commonwealth Foreign Ministers meeting.
The audit report, a copy of which this newspaper has obtained states: “It was, however, noted that there was no evidence that the trip was actually undertaken. There were no boarding passes attached or back-to-office reports explaining whether the objectives of the trip were achieved.
In another dramatic development, Ms Rwabyomere is reportedly seeking British citizenship even though according to UK immigration laws, diplomats are not allowed to change citizenship.
Efforts to have Ms Rwabyomere comment on this matters failed as she insisted that: “I would advise you to get in touch with the permanent secretary.” – Excerpts from monitor.co.ug
“I planned it so that no one gets hurt, especially me.” – Doug Hughes
Washington (CNN)U.S. Capitol Police converged Wednesday on a small manned aircraft that has landed on the west front of the Capitol building in Washington, D.C. Police have taken the pilot into custody.
“The U.S. Capitol Police is investigating a gyro copter with a single occupant that has landed on the grassy area of the West Lawn of the U.S. Capitol. The U.S. Capitol Police continues to investigate with one person detained and temporary street closures in the immediate area,” said Capitol Police Lt. Kimberly Schneider in a statement to CNN.
“Type 2 diabetes historically didn’t exist, only 70 or 80 years ago,” says Patterson. “And what’s driven it, of course, is this rise in obesity, especially the accumulation of abdominal fat. That fat induces changes in our receptors that cells have for insulin. Basically, it makes them numb to the effect of insulin.”
“No country in the world has the resources to continue to treat diabetics the way that they’re being treated now, if the prevalence rates increase at the rates that they’re increasing for much longer,” he says. “I worked in Saipan, which is in the Marianas Island in the Pacific, and there, the dialysis population was increasing at about 18 percent a year, all as a consequence of diabetes and acculturation — exactly the same process as what’s going on with the Inuit. – Fresh Air
What’s really in your herbal supplements? Americans spend billions on supplements. What are they getting?
A man leaves a GNC store, Tuesday, Feb. 3, 2015 in New York. Numerous store brand supplements aren’t what their labels claim to be, an ongoing investigation of popular herbal supplements subjected to DNA testing has found, New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said. (AP)
Americans love herbal supplements. They spend billions a years on all kinds, hoping for relief, remedy, cure. This week, the New York attorney general reached a deal with the country’s largest supplement retailer, GNC, to guard against selling bottles that contain nothing of the herbs. The attorney general said four out of five tests of herbal supplements from GNC, Target, Walgreens and Walmart showed none of the product advertised was actually in the bottle. Other stuff was. This hour On Point: we’re looking at the purity, safety and effectiveness of dietary supplements, in the supplement-crazy USA.
– Tom Ashbrook
Ultra-conservative Brazilian priest who denounced kissing suspended for nude selfie
Rio de Janeiro: A Brazilian priest known for delivering sermons disapproving of kissing and sex outside marriage has been suspended for sending a nude selfie to an apparent mistress.
“Father Alfredo Rosa Borges has been suspended from his duties,” and faces ex-communication, a diocesan spokesman at Campos de Goytacazes, a northern town in Rio state told AFP on Tuesday.
Borges is seen posing naked in front of a mirror holding his mobile phone in pictures posted last week via smartphone service Whatsapp which have since appeared in online media.
Rio daily O Dia reported he had admitted sending suggestive messages to a woman who later posted them but denied having an intimate relationship with her. by AFP
Reuters / Tuesday, March 31, 2015
Supporters of the presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari and his All Progressive Congress hit another supporter on their motorbike during celebrations in Kano March 31, 2015. Nigeria’s opposition APC declared an election victory on Tuesday for former military ruler Buhari and said Africa’s most populous nation was witnessing history with its first democratic transfer of power. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic
Evolutionary Medicine: Research Shows how Vaccines Might Prompt Evolution of More Aggressive Parasites
Here’s this week’s evolution column. It also ran in Monday’s issue of the Philadelphia Inquirer:
When Pennsylvania State University biologist Andrew Read injected mice with a component of several promising malaria vaccines, he got a disquieting result: The malaria parasites spread through the immunized mice and evolved to become more virulent.
Unvaccinated mice infected with these super-parasites got much sicker than those infected with ordinary malaria.
The findings, Read said, should not discourage research on malaria vaccines – the disease kills hundreds of thousands of African children every year, and the parasites tend to develop resistance to drugs. Between 15 and 20 vaccines are currently in clinical trials around the world, mostly in Africa. Read, who is trained as an evolutionary biologist, said he hopes his result will prompt vaccine researchers to consider how vaccines may affect the evolution of the parasites.
Read has also worked on the evolution of bacteria that resist antibiotics. In a provocative paper published last year, he suggested that typically prescribed doses of antibiotics can sometimes favor resistant strains. Smaller doses, which allow the immune system to kill resistant bacteria, could prove a better long-term approach.
Read more at Contact Faye Flam at 215-854-4977, firstname.lastname@example.org, or follow on Twitter @fayeflam.
Malaria vaccine developers are concerned that antigenic escape will erode vaccine efficacy. Evolutionary theorists have raised the possibility that some types of vaccine could also create conditions favoring the evolution of more virulent pathogens. Such evolution would put unvaccinated people at greater risk of severe disease. …
On Thursday, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) will announce that Microsoft is one of 30 inaugural Cornerstone Partners chosen to advance a science and technology-based approach to economic development.
The Global Development Lab’s mission is to help end the extreme poverty that affects 1.2 billion people on the planet living on just $1.25 a day by 2030. The lab will support breakthrough solutions in water, health, food security, nutrition, energy, education and climate change, reaching 200 million people in the next five years.
The business imperative? Citing Africa as an example, 50 percent of that continent’s 1 billion people are under the age of 20. Its middle class is exploding. And they are buying mobile devices. McKinsey recently reported that by 2025, Africa will be home to 600 million Internet users – many of whom will be children – contributing $300 billion to the continent’s gross domestic product. To put that into perspective, it’s double the total addressable market in the U.S.- by Posted April 3, 2014 by Anthony Salcito – Vice President, Worldwide Education, Microsoft. For more Click here.
In our exposé of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Free trade = Unemployment we pointed out this agency’s shameless outsourcing of American jobs.
Under director Rajiv Shah, USAID will partner with private outsourcers in Sri Lanka to teach workers there advanced IT skills like Enterprise Java programming, as well as skills in business process outsourcing and call center support—so they can replace American workers.
USAID will also partner with Armenia—a nation anxious to lure computer work from American workers—to promote the development of the country’s information technology industry.
Prior to taking over as head of USAID, Rajiv Shah was was employed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for seven long years! This reveals how the Gates Foundation really uses the U.S. government to promote Microsoft, and the outsourcing of American jobs.
06 Mar 2015 By Richelle Agpoon-Cabang – email@example.com – Variety News Staff
DOCTOR Cherian Varghese of the World Health Organization is hoping that CNMI lawmakers will fight non-communicable diseases by creating policies that will encourage people make healthy choices and live a healthy lifestyle.
Varghese was on island to meet with officials of the Commonwealth Health Center, the Division of Public Health, lawmakers and various health organizations on island.
He noted that the Commonwealth Healthcare Corp. is actively implementing programs that combat NCDs. But he said the whole of society must participate in order for NCDs to be addressed effectively.
He recommends the implementation of tobacco control. “It needs strict implementation until such time that the CNMI reaches the global goal of reducing tobacco consumption,” he said.
His other recommendation is regulating sugar-sweetened beverages.
He said although the community is knowledgeable about health matters, the Legislature should be implementing policies that will “help the society turn knowledge into behavior.” (Click For the whole article.)
Tobacco companies are pushing back against a worldwide rise in antismoking laws, using a little-noticed legal strategy to delay or block regulation. The industry is warning countries that their tobacco laws violate an expanding web of trade and investment treaties, raising the prospect of costly, prolonged legal battles, health advocates and officials said.
The strategy has gained momentum in recent years as smoking rates in rich countries have fallen and tobacco companies have sought to maintain access to fast-growing markets in developing countries. Industry officials say that there are only a few cases of active litigation, and that giving a legal opinion to governments is routine for major players whose interests will be affected. (Click For the whole article.)
A Long Island woman’s insistence that President Obama follows her on Twitter made doctors at the Harlem Hospital psych ward think she was delusional and suffering from bipolar disorder — but she was actually telling the truth, a lawsuit charges.
Kam Brock’s frightening eight-day “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” ordeal at the mental facility included forced injections of powerful sedatives and demands she down doses of lithium, medical records obtained through her suit filed in Manhattan Federal Court show. – BY STEPHEN REX BROWN
“The Trojan Horse” – Payment for assistance in legislative drafting laws.
Gates the social engineer, has tried his best to hasten passing Uganda Biosafety Bill, all to no avail. Now, he has finally come up with a tricky plan that will allow him to infiltrate legislative branches and influence in drafting laws that are to his liking.
His trick is telling everyone how evil Tobacco companies are, and how he could help fighting them in poor countries. The first thing as usual is show off his money and next is to dictate terms you must abide by to get that money.
One major condition to get funds for this project which he calls “Anti-Tobacco Trade Litigation Fund” is that he must be allowed to assist in legislative drafting laws, as he put it, the Anti-Tobacco Trade Litigation Fund includes the following:
- Technical assistance in legislative drafting and documentation to avoid legal challenges and potential trade disputes from the passage of tobacco-control laws
Of course he had to attach himself to another person known for heath concerns – Michael Bloomberg former New York City mayor.
This is how he is remembered as some wrote: “Bloomberg leaves office Dec. 31 with a unique record as a public health crusader who attacked cigarettes, artery-clogging fats and big sugary drinks with as much zeal as most mayors go after crack dens and graffiti.”
The irony to all this is that Bill Gates heavily invests in those unhealthy companies which Bloomberg attacked when he was a mayor, such as artery-clogging fats of fast food restaurants and big sugary drinks of Coca Cola and Pepsi. No wonder Bill Gates was nowhere to be found as Bloomberg fought dearly for better lives of all the New Yorkers against those very companies that Bill Gates invests in.
You would think that the evils of tobacco were unknown to Gates until now! The truth of the matter is that if he really cared about lives lost due to tobacco smoking, he would start at home. With his money, he should lobby the congress to pass laws that he wants to be passed in other countries such as: (1) Same US Standard Cigarette Labeling Packages of all cigarette companies that are American, either made in US for export or within other countries for local consumption. (2). Universal Tobacco Victim Compensation programs.
(3). To stop inclusion of tobacco within the list of surplus crops to be distributed “to less developed or famine stricken regions of the world” through the Food For Peace program.
(4). To stop U.S. Tobacco companies petitioning the U.S. government to open markets on their behalf.e.t.c.
But instead, he wants to use his money to influence writing laws in poor countries, a job for elected officials that should never be influenced from without, especially by some private individual who has known vested interests in legislative drafting laws for GMOs, such as the so called Super Bananas.
Hopefully, such influence will be looked at for what it is. And that is “The Trojan Horse” – Payment for Technical assistance in influencing legislative drafting laws that are to his liking which will open a back door for genetically-modified crops.
As Tim Fernholz pointed out that: “The US initially released a proposal to create a specific safe harbor for anti-smoking laws in the TPP, but then walked it back to a more general public health standard that still leaves room for tobacco companies to bring disputes. While this partially reflects the still-considerable political clout of the shrinking US tobacco industry, the bigger fear in the business community is that it will open the door to safe harbors for other controversial products like alcohol, genetically-modified crops and sugary soft-drinks.”
World Health Organization Labels Glyphosate Probable Carcinogen
World Health Organization Labels Glyphosate Probable Carcinogen
Contact: Shannon Van Hoesen
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 2015
Washington, D.C. – The Environmental Working Group today called on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to require mandatory GMO labeling after the World Health Organization’s cancer research arm designated the herbicide glyphosate, widely used on GMO crops, as “probably carcinogenic to humans.”
By JACOB BUNGE
March 20, 2015 5:05 p.m. ET
Glyphosate, a herbicide widely marketed by Monsanto Co. and other companies, likely has the potential to cause cancer in humans, a World Health Organization agency said Friday.
In classifying glyphosate as potentially cancer-causing, the international research agency cited studies of occupational exposure to glyphosate in the U.S., Canada and Sweden, which they wrote showed “increased risks for non-Hodgkin lymphoma” along with a positive trend for some ailments in mice in separate studies.
The assessment followed a meeting this month among 17 experts representing 11 countries, who evaluated the cancer-causing potential of glyphosate and four other pesticides. The research agency, which hasn’t previously classified glyphosate, monitors global cancer cases while trying to identify causes and responses.- (Article Excerpts)
Autism Rates To Increase By 2025? Glyphosate Herbicide May Be Responsible For Future Half Of Children With Autism
By 2025, half the children born in the United States will be diagnosed with autism, says Dr. Stephanie Seneff, a senior research scientist at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
“Is there a toxic substance that is currently in our environment on the rise in step with increasing rates of autism that could explain this?”
“The answer is yes, I’m quite sure that I’m right, and the answer is glyphosate.” (Excerpts from Article by Susan Scutti)
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply…- Genesis 1:28
Q. Are fears around overpopulation an impediment in your day-to-day work? -EK.
A. “The world’s population will peak. Now, we do have huge population growth in places where we don’t want it, like Yemen and Pakistan and parts of Africa, where we don’t have the resources to really help those people.” –Bill Gates
There is a fairly big “aid industry” in the Karamoja region: alongside the WFP there are organisations such as Oxfam, Mercy Corps, Caritas, Save the Children, Kopein, Warriors Squad Foundation, Karamoja Diocese Development Services, Unicef, UN OCHA, World Vision and many more. Many of these NGOs already have a sizeable budget. According to local sources Mercy Corps, a medium-sized NGO, spends more than 10bn (£3m) Ugandan shillings; Oxfam will spend more than that. So while the WFP may be cutting back, others are still spending.
There has been food support for people in Karamoja since the early 1960s. NGOs are perceived locally as more corrupt in Karamoja than anywhere else in Uganda.
And here perhaps you see the more profound questions. Namely, why have agencies been in Karamoja for so long? How do they justify their presence? And in whose interests are they working? – Excerpts from article by Ben Jones
March 11, 2014
The Nation: Scientists have linked heavy chronic pesticide exposure to cancer and birth defects. But what about low-dose continuing exposures—for example, the micrograms that a farmworker might carry home each night on the soles of her boots?
Or for those of us who don’t work on a farm, the traces that drift from a lawn or golf course, or remain in the dust after a landlord sprays, or that cling to a piece of fruit? CHAMACOS (the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas) has been examining these questions for 15 years. Professor Brenda Eskenazi, the study’s chief investigator, is quoted.
Another Strike Against GMOs – The Creation of (A) Superbugs and (B) Superweeds:
“It is getting worse,” said Bill Jordan, the EPA’s deputy head of pesticide programs.
Colvin • March 9, 2015
(WSJ) U.S. regulators for the first time are proposing limits on the planting of some genetically engineered corn to combat a voracious pest that has evolved to resist the bug-killing crops, a potential blow to makers of biotech seeds.
(B)-“Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the U.S. — the first sixteen years.”
That was the title of the findings by Dr. Charles M Benbrook, published in Environmental Sciences Europe 2012, 24:24.
Contrary to often-repeated claims that today’s genetically-engineered crops have, and are reducing pesticide use, the spread of glyphosate-resistant weeds in herbicide-resistant weed management systems has brought about substantial increases in the number and volume of herbicides applied.
If new genetically engineered forms of corn and soybeans tolerant of 2,4-D are approved, the volume of 2,4-D sprayed could drive herbicide usage upward by another approximate 50%.
The magnitude of increases in herbicide use on herbicide-resistant hectares has dwarfed the reduction in insecticide use on Bt crops over the past 16 years, and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future.
Court order means D.C. man can’t smoke in own home:
Judas knew what he was doing when he double-crossed his friend Jesus. “What will you give me if I betray him to you?” he asked the conspiring priests in the famous Bible story.
The story of the Judas Goat is more tragic. She had no idea that she was leading her friends to their deaths. –by Virginia Hughes
March 7, 1965 | Civil Rights Marchers Attacked in Selma
Mar. 9, 2015 -University of Oklahoma:
A video showing individuals participating in a racist chant was posted on Sunday to Twitter by Unheard, which describes itself as “an alliance of black students organized for change within campus administration and atmosphere.” The video showed young men on a bus chanting, “There will never be a n***** at SAE.”
Oklahoma’s history on race relations:
Tulsa, Oklahoma “Black Wall Street”- Survivors of infamous 1921 Tulsa race riot still hope for justice.
An African American Man Arrested 60+ Times For Trespassing At His Own Job
Atlanta GARBAGE Man JAILED For 30 Days For Picking Up TRASH Too EARLY and ANNOYING WEALTHY Residents:
African American Men Forced To Pay Child Support For Kids That Aren’t Theirs Or Go To Jail:
An African American Man Sentenced To 6 months in Jail For Over-Paying Child Support
DOJ finds Ferguson targeted African-Americans, used courts mainly to increase revenue (a city government that uses its police and courts as an ATM):
In the aftermath of a scathing report showing Ferguson unfairly targeted African-Americans and preyed on its most vulnerable citizens, the Justice Department is asking the city to make more than two dozen changes to the city’s police department and municipal courts — or face a costly lawsuit.
It describes a city government that uses its police and courts as an ATM, tolerating a culture of police brutality while pressuring the police chief and court officials to increase traffic enforcement and fees without regard to public safety.
It exposes a court run by the police department that routinely violates due process and intentionally inflicts pain on the most vulnerable residents and whose supervisors circulated racially insensitive emails, one of which in 2011 depicted President Barack Obama as a chimpanzee.
DISCRIMINATORY POLICIES AND PRACTICES:
Despite making up 67 percent of the population, African-Americans have accounted for 85 percent of all traffic stops, and were the subject of 90 percent of the citations and 93 percent of the arrests made by Ferguson police over the last two years.
One of the charges where blacks are cited more often than whites: “Manner of Walking,” which is issued to blacks 95 percent of the time.
POLICE AS DEBT COLLECTORS:
Ferguson’s municipal court revenue has shown consistent growth, year by year. In 2010, the city’s municipal court generated $1.38 million in fines and fees, the report said.
For the current year, the city’s budget anticipates fines and fees of $3.09 million.
The Justice Department’s report on Ferguson said the city used its police department as “a collection agency.” –By Stephen Deere, Chuck Raasch, Jeremy Kohler (Excerpts from the article, except the links included withnin)
1. In Ferguson, the police and the municipal court worked together to drain money out of community residents through fines and petty charges……
ONE OF AGRICULTURAL biotechnology’s great success stories may become a cautionary tale of how short-sighted mismanagement can squander the benefits of genetic modification.
There’s a lesson to be learned for future crop traits, Shields said. Rootworm resistance was expected from the outset, but the Bt seed industry, seeking to maximize short-term profits, ignored outside scientists. The next pest-fighting trait “will fall under the same pressure,” said Shields, “and the insect will win. Always bet on the insect if there is not a smart deployment of the trait.” (by RANDON KEIM SCIENCE – article excerpts)
The African Centre for Biosafety lodged a complaint with the ASA following an advertisement on Radio 702 that claimed genetically engineered crops “enable [Monsanto] to produce more food sustainably whilst using fewer resources; provide a healthier environment by saving on pesticides; decrease greenhouse gas emissions and increase crop yields substantially.” by John Deike
By Nick Meyer On February 12, 2015 ·
A new bipartisan bill that would give Americans more information about what’s in their food was reintroduced on Thursday, Feb. 12 in both the U.S. Senate and House, as announced on the Center for Food Safety’s website. The bill, introduced by Sens. Barbara Boxer of California, Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut and Rep. Peter DeFazio […]
The court said the Agriculture Ministry cannot approve the sale of GMOs until it rules on a case brought before it by the Food Sovereignty Ghana (FSG).
According to the FSG, the government cannot go ahead to implement the process for genetically modified foods since it has failed to comply with the provisions of the main Biosafety Act. – Source: Ghana/Starrfmonline.com/103.5FM
Elizabeth Warren can run for president. She should run for president. And despite her denials, she probably will.
Elizabeth Warren today told Fortune magazine that she won’t run for president. If Warren stands by that decision, she’ll do a tremendous disservice to her principles and her party.- by Charles Dharapak/AP
The Environmental Protection Agency won’t be hiring a scientist with strong ties to industry to run its chemical assessment program.
EPA scientists have concluded that if 100,000 women consumed the legal limit of arsenic each day, 730 of them eventually would get lung or bladder cancer.
“My eldest daughter said … ‘You’re feeding us rat poison.’ I said, ‘Not really,’ but I guess essentially … that is what you’re doing. You’re poisoning your kids,” Brennan lamented in her thick Maine accent. “I felt bad for not knowing it.”
Cabinet Reshuffle: Kiwanuka Out; Jim Muhwezi Bounces Back
News is emerging that President Yoweri Museveni has announced yet another cabinet reshuffle and among the new faces is former Health Minister Jim Muhwezi. – by Chimpreports
Uganda’s biggest public health threat is the drain of its medical brains to Trinidad and Tobago.
“It is different if a government official, whose sole mandate is to protect the citizen’s interests, decides to undermine their health by diverting resources to Trinidad, which has 10 times as many doctors,” he told the Mail & Guardian. Based on World Health Organisation figures, Trinidad’s doctor-to-patient ratio is 12 times better than that of Uganda.- Excerpts from Article by AMY FALLON
Check out – US criticises govt’s plan to export medical doctors
Land – It is vital Europe takes urgent action to measure and reduce its use of the world’s limited land:
The Microbiota Crisis – Thanks to GMOs for poop business:
The Microbiota Crisis: How the Herbicide Glyphosate is Killing Microbiomes.
How Your Microbiome Controls Your Health.
Microbiome therapy gains market traction (US$500 million in research; Yet with a few exceptions, such as the use of faecal transplants for treating life threatening gut infections).
Which explains why Poop business is booming:
Why DIY fecal transplants are a thing (and the FDA is only part of the reason)
Monsanto could be destroying your micro biome.
Developing World might be left holding the bag of Growing GMO Crops and many other things too.
Farmers told GM crops are ‘too dangerous to insure'; Gates refuses Liability for GMOs
Why does Bill Gates refuse to accept Liability for GMOs, yet supporting GMO food research you may ask. That answer seems to be a guarded secret that he may never share publicly.
But his smile and his answer when asked weather or not he supports Genetically modified food make a good combination, summed up as if to say – “I’m just a funder, when it comes to GMO safety- Africa you are on your own I have nothing to do with that.”
Assertions before safety trials that GMOs are hundred percent safe and that no report world over to the effect that GMOs can harm people, especially coming from the ones supposed to carry out those very tests is very unsettling to say the least.
Those individuals should explain to the public and members of the parliament why Farmers were told GM crops are ‘too dangerous to insure‘
Insurers refused to cover GM farmers – Leading companies liken risk to thalidomide and terrorism
Feb. 20th, 2015: “GMO-derived seeds will provide far better productivity, better drought tolerance, salinity tolerance, and if the safety is proven, then the African countries will be among the biggest beneficiaries,” Bill Gates told The Verge on Friday.
Note conditional phrase: “if the safety is proven.” Yet we have those charged with proving GMO food safety already adamantly assuring the public and law makers that GMOs are hundred percent safe even before safety tests are conducted! Go figure.
Professor David Suzuki speaks out against GMO’s
US farmers are facing a growing challenge from weeds resistant to chemical sprays, and enduring millions of dollars in losses as a result.
Mr. Verhoef is in farming to make money, GMO companies are in it to make money too, but when Mr. Verhoef says that he has been there and done that, and now tells you that he has no plans to go back to genetically engineered varieties; let the wise take heed.
A GHANAIAN civil society group, Food Sovereignty Ghana (FSG), has moved to court in Accra seeking to have the country’s National Biosafety Committee and the agriculture ministry prevented from releasing and commercialising genetically modified cowpeas and rice.
The group in its suit at the high court argues that the authorities have not complied with the provisions of the main Biosafety Act. (Check out this)
This is what Joseph said in his famous speech on Birmingham on 19 October 1974:
The balance of our population, our human stock is threatened. A recent article in Poverty, published by the Child Poverty Action Group, showed that a high and rising proportion of children are being born to mothers least fitted to bring children into the world and bring them up.
Originally devised and tested to emit osteoporosis medication into elderly women, this technology was rerouted by MIT’s Dr. Robert Langer to target birth control – after his discussion with billionaire Bill Gates.
With many already wary of what they consider to be the Gates Foundation’s global population-control agenda spreading across Africa, this latest innovation was preceded by Melinda Gate’s statement in June that the foundation “has decided not to fund abortion” in its endeavors. However, according to multiple studies, the hormone emitted by the microchip (and morning-after pills) – levonorgestrel – strongly deters newly conceived embryos from becoming implanted in a uterus.- by Michael F. Haverluck
Q. Are fears around overpopulation an impediment in your day-to-day work? -EK.
A. “The world’s population will peak. Now, we do have huge population growth in places where we don’t want it, like Yemen and Pakistan and parts of Africa, where we don’t have the resources to really help those people.” –Bill Gates
For example, at least 57 clients of the Swiss HSBC bank associated with Uganda were reported to be worth at least 159 million dollars. The World Bank has estimated that Uganda loses more than 174.5 million dollars in corruption annually.- By Jeffrey Moyo
Graph 1 and Table 1 give the overall picture. Roughly half of the foundation’s grants for agriculture went to four big groupings: the CGIAR’s global agriculture research network, international organisations (World Bank, UN agencies, etc.), AGRA (set up by Gates itself) and the African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF).
The other half ended up with hundreds of different research, development and policy organisations across the world. Of this last group, over 80% of the grants were given to organisations in the US and Europe, 10% went to groups in Africa, and the remainder elsewhere.
Putting your money where your mouth is:
In 2007, the Los Angeles Times revealed that hundreds of Gates Foundation investments – totalling at least $8.7 billion, or 41% of its assets – were in companies that ran counter to the foundation’s charitable goals or social philosophy.
The Gates Foundation maintains that “access to diverse, nutritious foods is fundamental to good health” but its food related investments go almost exclusively to the fast food industry. A stunning $3.1 billion went to companies like Coca Cola, McDonald’s, Pepsico, Burger King, and KFC in 2012.
The Foundation has $1 billion tied up in the world’s largest supermarket chain, Walmart, which is a major force driving out small farms in favour of large suppliers.14 The Gates Foundation has also bought $23 million in shares of the world’s leading producer of genetically engineered crops, Monsanto.- by grain.org
From an economic and demographic perspective Africa must be viewed as “the land of opportunity” for beer producers. Considering that seven out the world’s ten fastest growing economies are in Africa and that over 60% of the continent’s population is below the age of 25 years old, it is evident that Africa holds unprecedented opportunities for beer producers – existing and new. – By Frank Sjoberg.
The world’s second-largest beer company gets its highest 2013 +%profit change from Africa.
The world’s second-largest beer company eyes the alcoholism capital of Africa:
–Gov’t to promote cassava as an alternative to barley, promotes the world’s second-largest beer company Aimed at Beating African Homebrews
SABMiller, the world’s second-largest beer company, has strategically ventured into Cassava Beer Aimed at Beating African Homebrews in a territory that has unmatched unquenchable thirst for alcohol. SABMiller wants to cash in on Uganda’s oil boom, and knows very well that many oil deals will be done over a beer.
As I read – ” Government is to promote the growing of cassava to help substitute barley in manufacturing industries”, I think of a few reasons for such a statement; the first one is money from Bill and Melinda Gates foundation in exchange for Developing Genetically Modified Cassava in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Either way, this recipe of a philanthropist, a brewer, the government and cassava fermented in “The Drunkest County of the world”, will sooner rather than later cost poor citizens in more ways than one.
“There’s a huge problem with drinking in Uganda and most African countries,” says University of North Dakota neuroscience professor Sharon Wilsnack, who studies alcohol-related behavior. “The sad thing is that they have so many other problems that drinking doesn’t get much attention, yet they’re all connected. If you’re drunk all the time, you can’t get job training and climb out of poverty.” – by Anneli Rufus
The Top 5 Countries with the Most Alcohol Consumption Per Capita
–Barley’s Health Benefits outstrip those of Cassava’s, yet it is being sidestepped.
-Uganda promotes cassava over barley and WHO lauds her over nutrition drive!
Konzo is a distinct neurological entity with selective upper motor neuron damage, characterized by an abrupt onset of an irreversible, non-progressive, and symmetrical spastic para/tetraparesis. Despite its severity, konzo remains a neglected disease.
International Food Policy Research Institute, Nigeria
The prospect for the development of genetically modified (GM) orphan crops is reviewed from various perspectives. The article specifically assesses the potential constraints for developing GM cassava based on typical patterns of past genetic modification technology application on crops, the low level of basic research that has been done on cassava, African stakeholders’ perceptions on GM crops in general, and regulation issues for cassava.
Nollywood is becoming a popular tool used to influence Nigerians and Africans to adopt just about anything, including GMO foods, a health risk.
Composed by Kevin Onuma for InformAfrica
InformAfrica – There is a new food crop in town called “Vitamin A Cassava” or “Yellow Cassava“, that was genetically developed by HarvestPlus under the guise of helping Nigerians and Africans to end lack of food nutrition or vitamin deficiency; and they hired Nollywood actors to help promote the farming and consumption of the new genetically engineered yellow cassava.
Posted on Sunday, February 8th, 2015
by Jim Goodman – Common Dreams, 6 February 2015
Most of the world’s food is grown by small scale farmers. While it is called “traditional” agriculture, it is never static and farmers constantly adapt. This traditional agriculture relies on a varied and changing mix of crops, a polyculture, which provides a balanced diet, is affordable for local farmers and can accommodate changing local conditions.
The Green Revolution relied on increasing acreages of monocultures, mostly cereal grains, which also increased the use of herbicides, insecticides and fertilizers as well as new varieties of high yielding crops. Inputs that small farmers, those who fed the people, were never meant to afford.
Commentary: Greenspan’s ‘black box’ syndrome now handicaps Yellen
By PAUL B. FARRELL COLUMNIST
Sometime after the Great Crash of 2016, Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen will be testifying before Congress, just like Alan Greenspan was forced to do in 2008. She will be explaining why America has already had three megacrashes in the 21st Century, each draining roughly $10 trillion, each a direct result of Federal Reserve policy failures. She will be forced to explain why the Great Crash of 2016 was a clone of the bank credit crash of 2008 and the 2000 excesses.
TOWERS OF SECRECY
Stream of Foreign Wealth Flows to Elite New York Real Estate
By LOUISE STORY and STEPHANIE SAUL
FEBRUARY 7, 2015
On the 74th floor of the Time Warner Center, Condominium 74B was purchased in 2010 for $15.65 million by a secretive entity called 25CC ST74B L.L.C. It traces to the family of Vitaly Malkin, a former Russian senator and banker who was barred from entering Canada because of suspected connections to organized crime.
Last fall, another shell company bought a condo down the hall for $21.4 million from a Greek businessman named Dimitrios Contominas, who was arrested a year ago as part of a corruption sweep in Greece.
Richest 1% of the world’s population will own more than the other 99% put together
A research paper published today by Oxfam, with data from Credit Suisse, shows that the richest 1% have seen their share of global wealth rise from 44% in 2009 to 48% in 2014.
At that rate, it will be more than 50% in 2016. Members of this global elite had an average wealth of $2.7million (£1.78million) per adult in 2014.
Of the remaining 52% of global wealth, almost all (46%) is owned by the rest of the richest fifth of the world’s population.
The other 80% share just 5.5% and had an average wealth of $3,851 (£2,543) per adult – that is 1/700th of the average wealth of the 1%.
Ms Byanyima said: ‘Do we really want to live in a world where the one per cent own more than the rest of us combined? –By KHALEDA RAHMAN FOR MAILONLINE
POVERTY FEBRUARY 5, 2015
No One Should Have to Walk 21 Miles to Work
A Detroit man’s awful commute epitomizes America’s broken policies.
Robertson’s story is also a story of job migration, the failures of public transit, and especially of poverty. His commute highlighted the fact the working poor have commuting expenses twice as high as other workers, and because poverty makes ordinarily things like getting around very, very hard.
Furthermore, the response to Robertson’s story showed a classically American kind of nearsighted problem-solving: reducing every political question to the stories of individuals, and believing that helping those individuals can substitute for addressing systemic causes. – Excerpts from Nathan J. Robinson’s article.
Risk assessment and management
The new rules would allow member states to ban GMOs on environmental policy grounds other than the risks to health and the environment already assessed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
Member states could also ban GMO crops on other grounds, such as town and country planning requirements, socio-economic impact, avoiding the unintended presence of GMOs in other products and farm policy objectives. Bans could also include groups of GMOs designated by crop or trait. – evolibrary
This letter is in solidarity with farmers and communities in Africa and around the world, which have resisted the genetic modification of their staple foods- from Ghana, Kenya and Zambia- to Mexico, India and the Philippines. We will not stand by idly as attempts are made to systematically genetically modify Africa’s staple foods and in the process gain a massive positive public relations coup by claiming to have conquered health problems at the unnecessary risk to Africans.
Finally, we demand that the full contents of this open letter are shared with the human subjects of these trials in the USA.
Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA)
Ugandan food advocates, backed by dozens of food freedom groups worldwide, told the Gates Foundation today to take the GMO banana they’re helping develop and well, they said they don’t want it and don’t need it.
Lack of genetic variation in Irish potatoes contributed to the severity of the Irish potato famine, which devastated Ireland’s population and economy. Today, evolutionary theory tells us that relying on crops with low genetic variation can lead to disaster. Heeding the warnings of scientists and history may help us prevent wide-scale crop devastation due to changing environmental conditions.
Despite the warnings of evolution and history, much agriculture continues to depend on genetically uniform crops. The widespread planting of a single corn variety contributed to the loss of over a billion dollars worth of corn in 1970, when the U.S. crop was overwhelmed by a fungus. And in the 1980s, dependence upon a single type of grapevine root forced California grape growers to replant approximately two million acres of vines when a new race of the pest insect, grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, shown at right) attacked in the 1980s.
Although planting a single, genetically uniform crop might increase short term yields, evolutionary theory and the lessons of history highlight an undesirable side effect. Planting genetically uniform crops increases the risk of “losing it all” when environmental variables change: for example, if a new pest is introduced or rainfall levels drop.
Diversification is a technique that reduces risk by allocating investments among various financial instruments, industries and other categories. Even the richest on this planet diversify their investments, why then shouldn’t we do the same with the source of vitamin A by getting it from various food sources which are widely available in Uganda, instead of taking a high risk by depending on GM banana that could turn out to be like the Potato did to the Irish? Is there any guarantee that this so called Super Banana will never be susceptible to any future diseases just like the current bananas are to BXW?
Vitamin A: Pre-formed vitamin A exists only in animal products. However, there are about 50 carotenoids that the body can convert into vitamin A; the most common is beta-carotene. Major sources are Carrots, Sweet Potatoes, Pumpkins, Spinach, Cantaloupe, Kale, Broccoli, Mangoes, Watermelon, Tomatoes, Collard Greens, Lettuce, Okra, Celery and many other vegetables that are either easily available and/or can be easily grown in Uganda and many other parts of Africa.
A controversial plan to have Iowa State University students eat genetically modified bananas has been delayed, apparently because of issues in shipping the fruit.
The bananas, created by an Australian scientist, contain a gene that is supposed to help people living in Africa produce vitamin A. Proponents say the gene came from a different type of banana and is completely safe to eat. But opponents contend the trial could expose volunteers to unknown dangers.
Alcohol, vitamin A, and β-carotene: adverse interactions, including hepatotoxicity and carcinogenicity1,2,3
A supplementation has been advocated. It is, however, complicated by the intrinsic hepatotoxicity of retinol, which is potentiated by concomitant alcohol consumption. By contrast, β-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, was considered innocuous until recently, when it was found to also interact with ethanol, which interferes with its conversion to retinol. Furthermore, the combination of β-carotene with ethanol results in hepatotoxicity.
Moreover, in smokers who also consume alcohol, β-carotene supplementation promotes pulmonary cancer and, possibly, cardiovascular complications. Experimentally, β-carotene toxicity was exacerbated when administered as part of beadlets. Thus ethanol, while promoting a deficiency of vitamin A also enhances its toxicity as well as that of β-carotene. This narrowing of the therapeutic window for retinol and β-carotene must be taken into account when formulating treatments aimed at correcting vitamin A deficiency, especially in drinking populations.
This research confirms what Food & Water Watch and concerned residents of the Florida Keys have been saying all along: releasing genetically engineered mosquitoes into the environment will not be worth the effort, expense and potential risk. Oxitec has shown that its technology can decrease the population of yellow fever mosquitos, but not necessarily the spread of dengue fever itself.
Since Oxitec’s GMO mosquitoes aren’t likely to stop dengue fever, maybe they should just buzz off.
And there would be no protective satiety level.” Ms. Cohen was pointing out the industry’s Achilles’ heel: ingesting large quantities of vitamins is unnatural, the opposite of what manufacturers were promoting.
A little more than a month later, Mr. Proxmire’s bill passed by a vote of 81 to 10. In 1976, it became law. Decades later, Peter Barton Hutt, chief counsel to the F.D.A., wrote that “it was the most humiliating defeat” in the agency’s history.
As a result, consumers don’t know that taking megavitamins could increase their risk of cancer and heart disease and shorten their lives; they don’t know that they have been suffering too much of a good thing for too long.
Paul A. Offit is the chief of the infectious diseases division of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the author of the forthcoming book “Do You Believe in Magic?: The Sense and Nonsense of Alternative Medicine.”
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is investing in companies that could be causing ailments in the very people it helps to treat in the developing world, according to an investigation by the Los Angeles Times.
Bill Gates Drinks Poop Water, Poor Africans Eager To Share
Senegalese can’t wait to take Gates on his offer of drinking his poop water, after all, what an honour it must be for poor Africans to share a drink with the richest man on planet! By the end of this year, this dream is going to turn into a reality for those city dwellers of CAPE VERDE PENINSULA.
“I watched the piles of feces go up the conveyer belt and drop into a large bin. They made their way through the machine, getting boiled and treated. A few minutes later I took a long taste of the end result: a glass of delicious drinking water.”
Yup, you got it right: Bill Gates drank feces water. —said Susan Scutti
This is a typical example of someone who has too much money trying to solve poor people’s problems the wrong way and no African leader is saying hell NO, we can do better!
Case in point: This project is headed for Dakar Senegal this year to solve water shortage.
The only prototype is located just north of Seattle, but there are plans for a pilot project in Dakar, Senegal, later in 2015. From there, they hope to expand, the reporter said.
I wonder how many Ugandans would prefer Bill Gates poop water to our boiled fresh lake waters!
“If you ask the average American whether they would drink water from cow manure, they’d say no.”
“Bananas are to Ugandans what potatoes are to Americans or rice is to East Asian countries,” Dale said.
So how are the GMO Potatoes doing in America?
Frito-Lay, the biggest potato chip maker, and McDonald’s have both issued statements saying that they are not planning to use the Simplot potatoes in their products. An executive at another potato chip company told The Salt that his company does not plan to use those potatoes. He didn’t even want to be quoted on the subject for fear that someone would mistakenly get the opposite impression.
“When you ask consumers if they’re comfortable with this technology, they are not,” – by Dan Charles is NPR’s food and agriculture correspondent.
Right now, the researchers rely on mosquitoes to inject the weakened parasites into people. But wrangling mosquitoes on a large scale would not be practical.
The alternative is to mass produce parasites and formulate them into an injection. It’s been done on a small scale, but since the parasites can only complete their life cycle inside mosquitoes, it requires large colonies of the insects and painstaking extraction of the parasites.
A simple injection system, developed by Seattle-based PATH, may eventually allow women in the world’s poorest countries to dose themselves at home.
Seattle Times science reporter
As part of its $1 billion effort to make contraceptives more accessible to women in the developing world, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is joining with a pharmaceutical company and other aid groups to produce and distribute a simpler version of an old drug.
It is their potential, after all, which will decide our continent’s future. Let’s not waste it. “Africa must ask itself why our continent appears so frightened of giving the younger generation a chance.”Mo Ibrahim African leaders prize unclaimed againThe $5m (£3.2m) prize is supposed to be awarded each year to an elected leader who governed well, raised living standards and then left office.This is the fourth time in five years there has been no winner.Nigerian soldier says army that would face Boko Haram is ill-equipped, underpaidPublished May 19, 2014 FoxNews.com
“They give us just AK47s to go into the bush to fight Boko Haram,” the soldier said. “Our equipment doesn’t work and they give us just two magazines to go into the bush.” Two magazines contain approximately 60 bullets. The soldier said that many in the Nigerian army have also been discontented by delays in receiving their salaries, sometimes waiting weeks or months to be paid.“We feel so bad because we … are trying, the soldiers are trying our best,” the soldier told Sky, “but the civilians don’t realize what the Nigerian army is issued with, what they are given to go and fight the Boko Haram.”Goodluck Jonathan gives out customised 24ct Gold iPhones:customised-24ct gold i-phonePresident Goodluck Jonathan’s first Child, Faith married her boo, Godswill Osim Edward today in at the Abuja Ecumenical Centre.The ceremony was broadcast live on NTA, where many state governors and other dignitaries were in attendance.Guests at the wedding received customised i-phones ( Each cost £3995.00 or over US $6,620.00 per i-phone,- Goldstriker) designed by Actress Tonto Dikeh’s.The phones were packed in white packs with a golden ‘thank you’ for coming note’
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
PUBLICATIONS 2013 -------------------------------------------------------
March on DC @50 - Forum - Pros and cons of foreign direct investment Why Uganda Parliament Should wait to pass a GMO Bill - Ugandan Priest Suspended for Suggesting Catholic Priests to Marry - Investment or Land Grab Disguised? - Policy Considerations - ARE YOU WHAT YOU EAT / DRINK?(The Big Cover up) - -GM debate forum records -Biotechnology -GM debate -The Anglican Church at cross-roads -The divided land ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PUBLICATIONS 2012 -At Crossroads -(Rerun; it's time of the year) Vitamin D deficiency -Open letter to ASARECA Board of Directors -Links -Do you recite the Lord’s prayer, if so, which version? -Gold at last, once again! -Do you know Dengue Fever? -Putting Fun into Sportsmanship (Usain Bolt gets the Last Laugh) -Olympics -Boarding Schools -Austerity bites Britain -To nature or nurture your child -Sadistic Examiners -What a 'first' love! -Malaria and poverty +
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